Multimedia review of 2015

January 2015

Preparing to be prepared

JANUARY 15: It has been accepted wisdom that there is a Great Earthquake in Kathmandu every 80 years and the next Big One is due any day. The death and destruction from the next Big One will be unthinkable. Earthquake experts estimate that depending on the time of day, at least 100,000 people will be killed outright. Hundreds of thousands more will be seriously wounded, but will have nowhere to go because most of the hospitals will have also collapsed. Besides, the city’s narrow roads will be blocked by rubble. International relief will be delayed by damaged airports and highways.

National Earthquake Safety Day on 15 January is a reminder to be ready for the coming Big One.

Opposition vandalises CA

JANUARY 20: CA members of the opposition parties, including UCPN(Maoist) and the Madhes front, vandalize the CA following CA chairman Subash Nembang’s decision to allow a proposal for the formation of a questionnaire committee to sort out the contentious issues of the new constitution.

CA members of UCPN(M) destroy chairs protesting against CA’s decision to initiate the process for vote.
CA members of UCPN(M) destroy chairs protesting against CA’s decision to initiate the process for vote. © Bikram Rai

Missed constitution deadline

JANUARY 22: The deadline for the new constitution is missed. The blame game is in full swing as the ruling NC-UML coalition accuses the Maoist- Madhesi alliance and vice-versa for the impasse. 

A barbed wire fence separates protesters and police on the day of the constitution deadline at Bijuli Bazar on January 22.
A barbed wire fence separates protesters and police on the day of the constitution deadline at Bijuli Bazar on January 22. © Cynthia Choo

February 2015

UK envoy quits foreign service

FEBRUARY 11: UK ambassador Andrew Sparkes cuts short his Nepal stint amidst controversy over his article in which he advised Nepali legislators to secure rights to religious conversion. 

UK ambassador to Nepal Andrew Sparkes
UK ambassador to Nepal Andrew Sparkes © ENISA KASEMI

Acid victims

FEBRUARY 22: Sangita Magar (16) and Sima Basnet (15) suffer severe burns in an acid attack in Jhonchhe, Kathmandu. The attacker is later identified as Jiban BK (20). 

Chameli Magar (left) with daughter Sangita.
Chameli Magar (left) with daughter Sangita. © Devaki Bista

March 2015

MARCH 4: A Turkish Airlines plane skids off the runway, forcing Nepal's only international airport to close down for 85 hours. 

April 2015

APRIL 2: Dr Govinda KC ends his hunger strike after 11 days following a fresh deal with the government.

Dr Govinda KC ends his 11- day long hunger strike following an agreement with the government.
Dr Govinda KC ends his 11- day long hunger strike following an agreement with the government. © Gopen Rai

Surya Bahadur Thapa (1928-2015)

APRIL 15: Veteran politician Surya Bahadur Thapa who became Nepal's Prime Minister a record five times serving three kings passes away.

Surya Bahadur Thapa

April 25 earthquake

APRIL 25: A 7.8 magnitude earthquake strikes central Nepal at 11.56 AM, killing nearly 8,617 people and destroying 473,000 houses. The epicentre of the earthquake is 34 km East-Southeast of Lamjung. 


Avalanche on Everest

APRIL 25: At least 22 bodies are pulled out from an avalanche triggered by the earthquake.

Video credit: Jost Kobusch

Baby rescued alive

APRIL 26: 4-month-old Sonish Awale of Bhaktpur is rescued alive from the rubble after 22 hours.

May 2015

Powerful aftershock

MAY 12: A 7.3 magnitude aftershock, with epicentre between Dolakha and Sindhupalchok, rattles central Nepal again, causing further deaths and devastation. 

7.3-magnitude aftershock
© Dambar K Shrestha

US Marine Huey crashes

MAY 15: US Marine Huey crashes on the north slope of Kalinchok, 35m East of Kathmandu at an elevation of 11,100 ft. No survivors reported.

US Marine Huey

Landslide blocks Kaligandaki River

MAY 24: A massive landslide blocks Kaligandaki River in Myagdi district, creating a huge natural dam and forcing local people to run to higher ground. 

Landslide blocks Kaligandaki
© @gocoolchhetri

Schools reopen

MAY 31: Schools reopen 37 days after the earthquake.

Schools reopen
© Gopen Rai

June 2015

Chopper crash

JUNE 2: A chopper crash kills four in Sindhupalchok district, including three medical staff from Medecines Sans Frontiers (MSF). They were returning to Kathmandu after providing relief materials and medical service to earthquake survivors in Tembathan of Gumba VDC.

File photo of crashed helicopter

Constitution deal

JUNE 8: The four major political parties ink a historic 16-point deal, paving the way for the Constituent Assembly (CA) to write Nepal’s new constitution nine years after the end of the conflict.

Constitution deal inked

Taplejung landslide

JUNE 11: Landslides kill more than 50 people in Taplejung district. It was caused by a cloudburst on an earthquake-weakened mountainside.

Taplejung landslide
© @aksharkaka

Donor Summit

JUNE 25: Donors pledge $4.1 billion for reconstruction of Nepal at a conference in Kathmandu.

Draft one

JUNE 30: The first draft of the new constitution is tabled in the Constituent Assembly.

July 2015

Kaski landslides

JULY 30: Two separate landslides kill 30 people in Kaski district.

August 2015

Six federal provinces

AUGUST 8: Top three parties and MJF (D) sign a fresh deal to carve out six federal provinces.

Map of federal Nepal

Kailali carnage

AUGUST 24: Tharu protesters kill eight security personnel including DSP Laxman Neupane and two inspectors in Tikapur. One child is also shot dead.

Tikapur killings

September 2015

CA passes Nepal’s Constitution

SEPTEMBER 20: For the first time in Nepal's history, a constitution is passed by an assembly of people's representatives. Madhesi parties are left out and India merely takes 'note' of it.

India's message

SEPTEMBER 21: India issues another statement expressing concern over violence in the Tarai. In what was seen as a hint of a blockade that followed, India said: "Our freight companies and transporters have voice complaints."

Sit-ins begin

SEPTEMBER 23: Madhesi Morcha decides to stage sit-ins at Nepal-India check-points, resulting in shortages of fuel and gas. 

Baburam Bhattarai quits

SEPTEMBER 26: Baburam Bhattarai quits the UCPN (M), vowing to form a new political force.

Baburam Bhattarai quits

October 2015

Madhes protests

OCTOBER 2: Protests continue in several parts of Tarai. 

Prime Minister KP Oli

OCTOBER 11: UML Chair KP Oli becomes new Prime Minister.

First female speaker

OCTOBER 16: Onsari Gharti Magar is Nepal's first female Speaker.

Onsari Gharti Magar

New President

OCTOBER 28: Bidya Bhandari is the first woman to become Nepal's President. 

Bidya Bhandari
© Bikram Rai

November 2015

Bus accident

NOVEMBER 3: 30 people killed as an overcrowded bus skids off the road in Rasuwa.

Nepal-China deal

NOVEMBER 5: Nepal and China agree to work towards opening seven new border entry-exit points between the two countries.

Nepal-China deal

December 2015


DECEMBER 20: A cabinet meeting decides to amend the constitution to address Madhesi demands for proportional representation and constituency delimitation in proportion to population, form an all-party committee to resolve dispute over federal boundaries and add clarity to citizenship provisions.

Protests continue

DECEMBER 22: Madhesi parties reject the government's three-step  political road-map, protests continue

Madhesi protests

Reconstruction Authority

DECEMBER 27: After the Parliament finally passes a bill to set up National Reconstruction Authority, a cabinet meeting appoints the CEO Sushil Gyewali.